Biodiversity Crisis and Solutions




We are facing an urgent need to protect and restore biodiversity, in Ireland and the rest of the world.


Biodiversity, or biological diversity, is defined as “the variety of life found in a place on Earth, or the total variety of life on Earth.” It includes all plants, animals, and micro-organisms on the planet, and the ecosystems of which they are a part.

Recent findings on the global biodiversity loss are staggering: one million species are currently threatened with extinction across the planet, according to the recently published report by Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES).

According to this report, we are losing 150 to 200 species every day globally.[1]

The situation in Ireland reflects the global biodiversity crisis: “The latest evaluation of biodiversity loss in Ireland confirms potentially catastrophic species loss.”[2]

Findings by the National Biodiversity Centre show that some 50% of Irish freshwaters are polluted, which has an effect on all fish and other aquatic lifeforms.

One-third of Ireland’s 97 native bee species are now threatened with extincion.

We have already lost 12% of butterflies.

Birds such as the curlew and lapwing, and many flowering plants are in decline.

Overall, up to one-quarter of all Irish species that have been assessed are threatened with extinction, according to the National Biodiversity Data Centre.

More than 90% of protected habitats are classified as being of ‘unfavourable conservation status’, according to the Article 17 Report by the National Parks and Wildlife Service.[3]


[1] “Nature’s Dangerous Decline ‘Unprecedented’: Species Extinction Rates ‘Accelerating’”, IPBES Media Release, Accessed on July 14, 2019

[2] “Report confirms acceleration of species loss and habitat deterioration,” by Kevin O’Sullivan, The Irish Times, May 15, 2019


bee with flower red squirell blue flower



We are facing an urgent need to protect and restore biodiversity, in Ireland and the rest of the world.


We need to do this by protecting the existing natural habitats and by restoring biological diversity in places that have been overexploited.

Protecting biodiversity and reversing the climate crisis have to be addressed together.

Both of these are part of one major crisis that humanity currently faces.

All green plants and trees produce oxygen, and all store carbon dioxide in their trunks, stems and leaves and act as “carbon sinks”. Protecting plants and trees directly contributes to reversing climate change.

Allowing the land to rewild, and planting new natural permanent woodlands will help restore biodiversity that has been compromised, as ecosystems come into balance once again.

The more green areas and woodlands are allowed to thrive, the better our chances of restoring biodiversity and restoring climate balance.





Restoring the Permanent Oak Forest

Protecting Existing Biodiversity

Inspiring Children to Connect with Nature


All of these are central to the Lough Grainey Nature Sanctuary project.

Key Aims

One of the key aims of the Lough Grainey Nature Sanctuary project is to protect and restore biodiversity in the Lough Grainey Valley, by rewilding and restoring an oak forest, and to inspire other similar projects in Ireland and globally.

We envision Lough Grainey Nature Sanctuary to
become Ireland’s flagship project
in rewilding and protection of biodiversity.


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